Friday, July 28, 2017

Period of Peace (1763-1792)

"In January, the Hussars arrived at Cassel, where the regiment passed the final muster of four escadrons, 120 men on the equestrian, and both the crew and the horses were very admired by everyone. On the 15th of January the strong reduction took place, as only four of the four squadrons were trained to be 101 men with prima plana (under officers and corporals).”1

It may have been difficult for some of the tried and tested warriors to part with the comrades on whose side they fought so long, with whom they had so many memories.

But they were country descendants, returned to their homes, they were amply provided with the payment of backward wages, and went with fresh courage to the resumption of their bourgeois trade.
Hence neither the landgrave nor his councilor may have thought that such an action was injurious to the people, and that many of them, wearying themselves from regulated activity, were confronting the wretched.

The reduction of the troops was precisely a customary measure, which was ordered by the limited means of the small States, and which was ordered without further consideration.
The question of the dismissal of officers, however, seems more difficult to the Count. There are several proposals and various combinations in the acts concerning the question of which officers are to be retained, which should be adopted or moved.

Gräffendorff received the regiment Gendarmes, Katzeler, his deputy Major von Dalwigk became commander of the Hussars Corps, Major von Dalwigk became commander of the Hussars Corps, whose rank list on 1 January 1764 was the following:2

Commander: Major George of Dalwigk,
Rittmeister: Justus Schreiber,
Stabs-Rittmeister: Ferdinand von Klockher, Wilhelm Graff, Rudolf Ludwig von Trott,
Lieutenants: Moritz Levin von Prüschenk, Johann Zülch (Regimental Quartermaster), George Wolff, Johann Daniel Stein, Jock Jgnazi,
Cornets: Heinrich Fliess, Heinrich Rudorff, Ludwig Avenarius, (Adjutant), Philipp Jüngst.

In 1765, for the first time, the national calendar described the uniform of the Hussars Corps: "Light blue furs, yellow tulmanns3, with gold." It must be assumed that the corps had been wearing the same clothing earlier, at least since 1744. "

From 1 June 1765 to 29 June 1773, the Hussars Corps was owned by a standard and two timpani. In 1786, when Wilhelm IX, hitherto governing Count of Hanau-Münzenberg, succeeded his father, he spoke of the union of Hanau with Hesse. A new Husaren-Escadron under Rittmeister Rudorff was formed and moved first to Hanau, 1787 to Gelnhausen.

In the last year, the Corps was extended by a third squadron, which formed the riders of Lehsten in Nieder-Hessen.

The corps, which were now called the "Hussar Regiment," was also determined, and to the attainment of these 258 recruits and ninety-three Remonten, the latter partly from the Marstall (no longer exclusively Schimmel).

With a change of the name "Hussars-Regiment" instead of "Hussar Corps" the troop received another uniform in 1787: light blue furs, yellow tulmanns with silver; For this were white petticoats, high fur hats, light blue saddle-sheets: c. carried (See Figure 2 "Hussars of 1787." This uniform was kept with the regiment until 1806.) The headquarters changed frequently, but were mostly in the vicinity of Cassel, the state calendar calling 1765 Ober-Kaufungen, 1767-68 Cassel, 1781 Staff: Cassel, stand Immenhausen, 1786 also Hanau, 1788 Immenhausen and the surrounding area, 1791 Grebenstein.

After the reduction to one Squadron, the budget of the Hussars Corps amounted to 1764: 7 subordinates, 2 trumpets, 85 congregations, and a total of 94 heads. In 1767, this figure fell to 67, 1769 to 52, and 1779 to 47, to rise to about 120 heads in 1778 and 1782. After the establishment of the 2nd (Hapsburg-Hauau) Escadron, the Corps had likewise 120 men; In 1787 the regiment of three squadrons had a strength of 18 non-commissioned officers, six trumpeters, 164 hussars; The total number reached 345 heads since 1790. The use of the Hussar Corps was the same as had been described in the peace period of 1749-57; In 1778, on the frontier of Thuringia, greater connections were made, in order to counteract the attacks of Austrian recruits; In 1774, the Hussars made a great expedition through the whole of Hesse, in order to seize the robbers. Supported by the garrison soldiers (the troops of the so-called garrison battalions of the then militia), a large number of gypsies and vagrants, among them the most dangerous of the robbers, succeeded in bringing in the "Reuben King." Unfortunately he escaped from a deficient prison, and, like his feared comrade, the "black Christel," left the country.

The smugglers also made much of the hussars at Waldeck's frontier; Zennern and Nieder-Möllerich4) were always occupied with commandos, which remained during the maneuver.

Desertions also occurred, but this seems to have been remarkably mild, as the following two cases show. In 1783 the hussar Walter, who had been denied consensus on marriage, deserted, and returned, when he had compelled him to do so. In 1787, the hussar cook departed, and, when he passed the frontier, sought to negotiate his horse at the factory. An accidental Hessian invalid asked to be allowed to try; When this was granted, he rode straight across the frontier to Hesse, and gave the horse to the governor of the fortress of Carlshafen. Two Louisd'or Douceurs were his reward. The hussar, who lacked the means for further development, now resigned himself to the Corps.

In the years 1788, 1789 and 1790, large groups of troops took place with maneuvers. The last of them happened at Bergen to cover the election of Leopold II.

Both Frederick II as Wilhelm IX. Had set the goal of their policy to obtain the title of "Royal Highness" for the Hessian Cassel prince's house, and for the respective Landgrave.

Efforts which were supported by Prussia were opposed by the Emperor and the other Catholic electors, who were reluctant to see the Protestant voices of the electoral collegium, which was very influential under the Reich constitution. Yet the Landgraf did not give up the hope of finally reaching the goal. After Hesse had promised large sums of money to the ambassadors, diplomatic and other courtiers of the various Kurdish states, and even greater was promised in the event of the success of the treatises, Wilhelm IX appeared on the occasion of the imperial election of Leopold II.

In order to impress upon the princes assembled here, and to prove the advantage to the electoral college in troubled times of having a prince in their midst, who had a capable army and ample funds, the Landgraf ordered the electors of Mainz, presidents of the Elector to summon troops to secure the Electoral City during the election held in Frankfurt in October 1796.

The Stabs-Rittmeister von Klockher, promoted to the Captain in 1778, died in 1786. According to the custom, the best horse of a deceased officer fell to the escadron chief, the regimental commander. In this case it was "left to the widow graciously." The uniform took over the Cornet Keitel "against taxation". Grass received his leave in 1773; von Trott was transferred to the body-dragoon regiment in 1771.

The Lieutenants von Prüschenk and Wolfs in 1767 were transferred to the Cheveauxlegers Corps, and the latter was transferred to the Leib Dragoon Regiment. Stein and Jgnazi seperated in 1768, 1779, as well as the Cornets Avenarius and Jüngst in 1764, Fliess in 1765, H. Rudorfs in 1771.

1771 Cornet W. L. F. Rudorfs, 1778 Lieutenant, Staff Rittmeister 1781, 1782 in civil service, from 1786-92 again as Rittmeister in the regiment.
1775 Lieutenant F. C. Stirn von Stiernberg, 1779 Stabs-Rittmeister, 1785 seperated.
1778 Cornet Willich und Engels, 1779 seperated. Cornet Ströbel 1780 Lieutenant, 1791 Stabs-Rittmeister.
1779 Cornet von Bienenthal, 1780 Lieutenant, and in 1786 the farewell was granted to him as Chief of Staff, since the magistrate of the city of Frankfurt am Main would have him as a councilor.
1785 Lieutenant von Schmied, transferred to the Jäger Corps in 1791 as a staff captain.
1786 Cornet Keitel, 1788 Lieutenant
1787 Rittmeister von Lehsten, was appointed Major in 1788. Lieutenants von Starckloff and von July, the latter in 1791. Cornets Bode, Grau, and Schmidtborn, first 1792 lieutenants, the latter 1791 separated.
1788 Stabs-Rittmeister Kellerhaus.
1789 Lieutenant von Besius, 1790 Staff-Rittmeister.
1791 Oberstlieutenant Prince Solms-Braunfels transferred from the regiment Gens- d'armes.
1792 Cornets von Sheldon and Volte; Säbeljunker Laroche von Starckenfels and Scheffer.

The position of the Officier Corps in the summer of 1792, before the beginning of the campaign, was as follows:

Commander: Colonel Johann Justus Schreiber.
Oberslieutenant: His Highness Wilhelm Heinrich Casimir Prince to Solms-Braunfels.
Major: Ludwig August von Lehsten.
Stabs-Rittmeister: Friedrich Kellerhaus, Heinrich Anton Philipp of Resius, Justus Engelhard Ströbel.
Lieutenants: Carl Gottfried Wilhelm von Starckloff, Johann Keitel, adjutant Friedrich Bode, Carl Hermann Grau.
Cornets: Carl von Sheldon, Carl Gottfried Volte.
Säbeljunker: Christian Laroche of Starckenfels, Ernst Scheffer (later the Commander from 1813-21)

Auditor and Regimental Quartermaster: Christian Friedrich Brenner.

Regiment-Feldscheer: Justus Starckloff

1) Compilation of the main data, concerning Hussar's Corp. by Major von Dalwigk. (Commander of the same from 1763-1776.)
2) First printed rank list, contained in the " Hochfürstlich-Hessen-Cassel state and address calendar on the year 1764."
3) Spelling at the time, "Dolmans".
4) Two villages in the Ederthal on the Waldeck border.
5) These actual costs are calculated as follows: Mobilization 512,860 Tlr, Sold and Entertainment 773,032 Tlr., Equipment of Replenishment 78,528 Tlr., Summa 1,364,476 Tlr.


Period of Peace (1763-1792).pdf

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