Saturday, July 22, 2017

Hessische Husaren-Corps

Landgraf Carl recognized the value of these mobile riders, and in 1702 he set up the first Hessian hussars' company of 54 horses under Major Bamfy at the beginning of the Spanish Succession War, in which Hesse-Kassel placed 8,000 men auxiliary troops for England and 3000 for Holland. Later, the Hussars were assigned to the "Prince Friedrich Dragoons" and the "Spiegelschen Reiter Regiment". In 1744, the Hussars became independent again and marched to Scotland. In the fighting around the Kilicranki Pass in 1746 they were able to stand out. In 1756, the hussars were fortified on four escadrons and mostly used together with the hunters. In 1758 they defended the village Bettenhausen and in 1759 they conquered four hostile standards at Tann. In 1763 they were reduced to an Escadron. In 1786 they were united with the Hanseatic Hussars to form a regiment. From 1792-94 they took part in the Revolutionary War, were part of the storming of Frankfurt, and broke through the Kronweißen lines in 1792 with a dashing attack under their commander, Prince Solms-Braunfels. In 1806, the hussars were disbanded.  

But as early as 1808 the Elector in exile established a new small group of hussars, which in 1813 was expanded to a regiment with four squadrons and fought at Luxembourg, Sedan and Charleville. In 1821 it became the 1st Husaren regiment, 1832 Leibdragoner, 1845 2nd Husaren regiment. It is used in Schleswig in 1849. During the occupation of Hesse-Kassel by the Prussians, the 2nd Hussars were the only Hessian troops who were in action at Aschaffenburg. After that she was the Prussian 2nd Kurhessische Husaren-Regiment No. 14 "Prince v. Hessen-Homburg "In the war against France 1870-71 was the squadron of the Rittmeister v. Colomb the first German troop in Paris. In the First World War the regiment was first in Belgium and as of 1916 in Poland as a cavalry-protecting-regiment "Prussia". In 1918, he returned from the Ukraine to his home country. To combat unrest in Silesia-Thuringia and Munich, the "Volunteers-Hussars-Regiment Hesse-Homburg" was formed from his teams in 1919. The "Reichswehr Cavalry Regiment No. 11" was created.

Nix wie weg ... die Hesse komme: Hessen-Kasseler Uniformen 1730 - 1789
Karl Trenkle
Verlag-Anst. Marburg, 2000

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